Independent schools offer means-tested fee assistance to widen access for families from all walks of life. The cookie settings on this website are set to 'allow all cookies' to give you the very best experience. Going some way to countering the charge of exclusivity, a large number (c. one third[citation needed]) of independent schools provide assistance with fees to some pupils. Most offer sporting, musical, dramatic and art facilities, sometimes at extra charges. Staff in independent schools should be consulted on any proposed significant changes to working conditions during the coronavirus outbreak. The stand-out finding of the study was that Independent School students over-achieved in obtaining graduate jobs and study, even when student characteristics were allowed for (sex, ethnicity, school type, entry qualifications, area of study). [23] Although grammar schools are rare, some of them are highly selective, and state-funded boarding schools charge substantial fees,[24] which may introduce further barriers to entry. In Wales the schools are registered with the Welsh Office Education Department-WOED. Across all English universities, state school students who scored two Bs and a C at A-level did on average eight per cent better at degree level than their privately educated counterparts. Independent School Parent magazine is delighted to announce the schools shortlisted in its awards programme, Independent Schools of the Year. Peter Newsam. Some independent schools are particularly old, such as The King's School, Canterbury (founded 597), The King's School, Rochester (founded 604), St Peter's School, York (founded c. 627), Sherborne School (founded 705), Warwick School (c. 914), The King's School, Ely (c. 970) and St Albans School (948). Welcome to our website. An independent school has a truly independent board of trustees that oversees the school's operation, while a private school can theoretically be part of another entity, such as a for profit corporation or a not for profit organization such as a church or synagogue. CISC represents a growing community of Catholic Independent Schools in the UK and beyond, working together to promote and celebrate the global project of Catholic education, with particular support for the independent sector. Ukprivateschools.com was launched in November 1999. [35] The most commonly given amount of extra exam time is 25%. Though older private schools are frequently associated with specific faiths, most of them are affiliated with Christian denominations, especially Catholicism or the Anglican Church. Many of the older and more exclusive independent schools catering for the 13–18 age range in England and Wales are known as public schools, seven of which were the subject of the Public Schools Act 1868. They have a board of governors or trustees that is truly independent of any other organization, whereas a different private school can technically be governed by any outside entity, from nonprofit organizations to churches to … Such 'exam access' arrangements are given for a range of disabilities and educational special needs such as dyslexia, dyspraxia and ADHD. There are thousands of partnerships between state and independent schools. There are more than 2000 schools in the UK which are independent of local or central government control and approximately 8% of the school population in UK is educated within these schools. All independent schools must be registered with, and meet certain regulations set by, the DfES (Department for Education and Skills). This was essentially a response to the decision of the previous Labour government in the mid-1970s to remove government funding of direct grant grammar schools, most of which then became independent schools; some Assisted Places pupils went to the former direct-grant schools such as Manchester Grammar School. [25] A countervailing finding of the Sutton Trust study was that for students of a given level of A-level attainment it is almost twice as difficult to get a first at the most selective universities than at those on the other end of the scale. As a result, 119 of these schools became independent. [31] In 2008, the Charity Commission published guidance, including guidance on public benefit and fee charging, setting out issues to be considered by charities charging high fees that many people could not afford. Only a small minority of parents can afford school fees averaging over £23,000 per annum for boarding pupils and £11,000 for day pupils, with additional costs for uniform, equipment and extra-curricular facilities. The report calculated that independent schools support an £11.7 billion contribution to gross value added (GVA) in Britain. [36][37], In 2002 Jeremy Smith and Robin Naylor of the University of Warwick conducted a study into the determinants of degree performance at UK universities. Their study confirmed that the internationally recognized phenomenon whereby “children from more advantaged class backgrounds have higher levels of educational attainment than children from less-advantaged class backgrounds"[38] persists at university level in the United Kingdom. They are, however, currently gaining in numbers. In 2011 there were more than 2,500 independent schools in the UK educating some 628,000 children, comprising over 6.5 per cent of UK children, and more than 18 per cent of pupils over the age of 16. Independent schools are schools that are not funded or controlled by central government and local authority; instead they are funded by way of tuition fees, donations and investments. Additionally, the study could not take into account the effect of a slightly different and more traditional subject mix studied by independent students at university on university achievement. Independent prep schools only became more widespread in Scotland from the late 19th century (usually attached to an existing secondary private school, though exceptions such as Craigclowan Preparatory School and Cargilfield Preparatory School do exist), though they are still much less prevalent than in England. After a time, such fees eclipsed the original charitable income, and the original endowment would become a minor part of the capital benefactions enjoyed by the school. In England the schools account for a slightly higher percentage than in the UK as a whole. In Scotland, under the Charities and Trustee Investment Act (Scotland),[32] there is an entirely separate test of charitable status, overseen by the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator, which assesses the public benefit[33] provided by each registered school charity. The ISC brings together seven associations to represent over 1,300 independent schools … Some are privately owned, some are run by charitable trusts. In the United Kingdom, independent schools (also sometimes described as private schools) are fee-charging schools, typically governed by an elected board of governors and independent of many of the regulations and conditions that apply to state-funded schools. These schools are ranked among the best in the world and educate more than half a million children each year, around 59% of independently educated pupils. The site incorporates Ukindependentschools.com. [4][15] Scholarships and means-tested bursaries to assist the education of the less well-off are usually awarded by a process which combines academic and other criteria. By Thomas.M.Smith. This arose because of Scotland's long tradition of state-funded education, which was spearheaded by the Church of Scotland from the seventeenth century, long before such education was common in England. For example, many independent schools (and most of the prestigious schools) take pupils at thirteen, so they would be expected to attract the strongest applicants from many feeder schools, provided the pupils are wealthy enough to afford the fees or receive funding. Although many of the Scottish independent schools are members of the ISC they are also represented by the Scottish Council of Independent Schools, recognised by the Scottish Parliament as the body representing private schools in Scotland. More recently heads of public schools have been emphasising that senior pupils now play a much reduced role in disciplining. [21] This figure is arrived at by summing the savings to the taxpayer by not having to provide school places to 620,000 pupils, the value of the jobs created by the independent schools, the tax revenue created, directly and indirectly, by the independent sector, and the economic contribution of their alumni. [16][17], Independent schools are generally academically selective, using the competitive Common Entrance Examination at ages 11–13. A much higher proportion go to university. These schools were founded as part of the church and were under its complete dominion. However, the progression of pupils to Russell Group universities, including Oxbridge, is complex. The same study found wide variations between independent school, suggesting that students from a few of them were in fact significantly more likely to obtain the better degrees than state students of the same gender and class background having the same A-level score. Search here. According to a 2010 study by Ryan & Sibetia, "the proportion of pupils attending independent schools in England is currently 7.2 per cent (considering full-time pupils only)". 28 January 2020. Staff of our Members’ schools benefit from … The Direct Grant Grammar Schools (Cessation of Grant) Regulations 1975 required these schools to choose between full state funding as comprehensive schools and full independence. Please read ISC's privacy policy on the use of your personal data. The UK Independent Schools’ Directory has more than 2000 independent schools listed, covering an age range of 3 months to 22 years. [44] However, two Bs and a C represents an entry tariff of 112, well below the average demanded by any of the UK's Russell Group universities. In 2011 there were more than 2,500 independent schools in the UK educating some 628,000 children, comprising over 6.5 per cent of UK children, and more than 18 per cent of pupils over the age of 16. The quoted figures, based on the degree results of all students who graduated in 2013/14, suggested that 82 per cent of state school pupils got firsts or upper seconds compared with 73 per cent of those from independent schools. Christ's Hospital in Horsham is an example: a large proportion of its students are funded by its charitable foundation or by various benefactors. This was heard by the Upper Tribunal at the same time as a reference by the Attorney General asking the Tribunal to consider how the public benefit requirement should operate in relation to fee-charging charitable schools. ... email organising@neu.org.uk. A major area of debate in recent years has centred around the continuing charitable status of independent schools, which means they are not charged business rates by local councils, amongst other benefits. For many, the big draw of teaching within private schools is the extra-curricular activities and facilities on offer such as more sports available on and off … Most of the larger independent schools are either full or partial boarding schools, although many are now predominantly day schools; by contrast there are only a few dozen state boarding schools. Prep and pre-prep schools: what do I need to know? [1] Historically, the term 'private school' referred to a school in private ownership, in contrast to an endowed school subject to a trust or of charitable status. Much of the discipline was in the hands of senior pupils (usually known as prefects), which was not just a means to reduce staffing costs, but was also seen as vital preparation for those pupils' later roles in public or military service. Out of a starting cohort of 24,360 candidates having attended an independent school and 184,580 having attended a state school, 64.9 per cent of the former attained a first or upper second class degree, compared to 52.7 per cent of the latter. Poorly-performing pupils may be required to leave, and following GCSE results can be replaced in the sixth form by a new infusion of high-performing sixth-form-only pupils, which may distort apparent results. They were schools for the gentlemanly elite of Victorian politics, armed forces and colonial government. Some former grammar schools converted to an independent fee-paying model following the 1965 Circular 10/65, which marked the end of their state funding; others converted into comprehensive schools. They are sometimes referred to as private schools or, in the UK, Public schools. Search for an ISC independent school matching your requirements for location, boarding, gender, age range, examinations, school fee assistance or SEN. At the same time participation at all secondary schools grew dramatically, so that the share of the independent sector fell from a little under 8 per cent in 1964 to reach a low of 5.7 per cent in 1978. The table below features the A-level league table results of the top 100 UK independent … If you're looking for a quick run down of the top 10 best independent schools in the UK in order to see if your local school appears, then look no further. ISC provides research, legal, regulatory and press services and we represent our associations by coordinating campaigns on specific issues. Read all about the #powerofpartnerships in our annual report of cross-sector working between independent and state schools. [8][9] As boarding schools are fully responsible for their pupils throughout term-time, pastoral care is an essential part of independent education, and many independent schools teach their own distinctive ethos, including social aspirations, manners and accents, associated with their own school traditions. This independent day school for boys aged 10-18 with a co-educational Sixth Form, is based in south London and is known for its superb choir, though sport and drama are also strong. Often, successful businessmen would send their sons to a public school as a mark of participation in the elite. All independent schools are under the umbrella of private schools. [citation needed]. You need to sign in or create an account to save. Later, HEFCE admitted that it had made a transposition error, and that in fact, 73 per cent of state school graduates gained a first or upper second class degree compared with 82 per cent of independent school graduates. [4] However, a majority of the independent schools today are still registered as a charity, and bursaries are available to students on a means test basis. In 2015, the UK press widely reported the outcome of research suggesting that graduates from state schools that have attained similar A level grades go on to achieve higher undergraduate degree classes than their independent school counterparts. For most families, the main reason for choosing an independent school is the The changes since 1990 have been less dramatic, participation falling to 6.9 per cent by 1996 before increasing very slightly after 2000 to reach 7.2 per cent in 2012. independent school definition: 1. in the UK, a school that does not receive money from the government 2. in the U.K., a school…. [8][29] Independent schools, as compared with maintained schools, are generally characterised by more individual teaching; much lower pupil-teacher ratios at around 9:1;[20] longer teaching hours (sometimes including Saturday morning teaching) and homework (known as prep), though shorter terms; more time for organised sports and extra-curricular activities; more emphasis on traditional academic subjects such as maths, classics and modern languages; and a broader education than that prescribed by the national curriculum, to which state school education is in practice limited. [6] In 2015, the figure has fallen back to 6.9 per cent with the absolute number of pupils attending independent schools falling everywhere in England apart from in the South East.[7]. In England and Wales there are no requirements for teaching staff to have Qualified Teacher Status or to be registered with the General Teaching Council. 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